Maine and Iowa Enact Job-Specific Limitations on Noncompetites

The two states recently have enacted restrictions on noncompete agreements being used in certain professions.

In Maine, on June 1, 2023, the Governor signed into law LD 688/HP 457, entitled “An Act to Protect Access to Veterinary Care by Prohibiting Noncompete Agreements.” The act amends Maine Revised Statute title 26, § 599-A, which already prohibits an employer from entering into a noncompete with an employee if the employee is earning wages at or below 400% of the federal poverty level. The new amendment expands the noncompete ban to licensed Maine veterinarians, with a carve out for those with an ownership interest in a practice.

In Iowa, also on June 1, 2023, the Governor signed HF93 into law, limiting restrictive covenants for mental health professionals. The restriction is as follows: “An employer shall not enter into an agreement with a licensed mental health professional that limits the location at which the licensee may practice, prohibits the licensee from contacting for professional services a person previously treated by the licensee, or imposes a time restriction on the practice of the licensee.”

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